316l stainless steel temperature limits
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Type 316 stainless steel performs without evidence of corrosion in the 100-hou, 5% salt spray (ASTM-B-117) test. Intergranular Corrosion Type 316 is susceptible to precipitation of chromium carbides in grain boundaries when exposed to temperatures in the 800 F to 1500 F (427 C to 816 C) range.
Minimum mechanical properties for annealed Types 316, 316L, 317 and 317L austenitic stainless steel plate, sheet and strip as required by ASTM specifications A240 and ASME specification SA-240, are shown below. Minimum Room Temperature Mechanical Properties, ASTM A240 and A666 Specifications . 205. Temperature Range C F J/kgK Btu/lb/F
316 stainless steel has more carbon in it than 316L. This is easy to remember, as the L stands for "low." But even though it has less carbon, 316L is very similar to 316 in almost every way. Cost is very similar, and both are durable, corrosion-resistant, and a good choice for high-stress situations.
When there is a danger of corrosion in the heat-affected zones of weldments, the low-carbon variety CS 316L should be used. CS 316 Ti, the titanium-stabilised version, is used for its resistance to sensitization during prolonged exposure in the 550 o C-800 o C temperature range.
RE: Temperature Limit for Stainless Steel 316. The ASME VIII code contains limits for usage of various materials within the notes of the Allowable stress tables. 590 degrees C (~1100F)is within the operating range for austenitic 316/316L stainless materials.
They found that though many metals have good room-temperature characteristics, they do not necessarily maintain those characteristics at low temperatures. For example, Ferritic (405, 409, 430), Martensitic (403, 410, 414, 416) and Duplex stainless steels (329, 2205) tend to become brittle as the temperature is reduced.
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